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Category Archives: Counterfeit

Hoverboards are very popular holiday gifts this year, but the stories about the boards that explode are all over the news.  Many retailers including Amazon.com and Target stopped selling them, and several commercial airlines banned them aboard their aircraft.

So what happened in the manufacture of these items to make them so dangerous? In the reported incidents, the lithium ion batteries in the hoverboards caught fire while charging or just riding them. The reasons for the combustion process is well-known when a battery is defective. The problems with these batteries were identified in laptops and cell phones a few years ago.  What isn’t so transparent are the sourcing and manufacturing processes for the boards being produced in China.

Hoverboards are new, exciting and popular products and this combination creates a frenzy of manufacturing opportunity for Chinese manufacturers. Because of the popularity and the potential for high volumes and high profits, knock-off brands proliferate very fast in the extremely competitive changed to avoid patent infringement laws. The raw  materials sourcing for knock-offs may come from completely different suppliers. Cheaper knock-off products means cutting corners in the factory to keep production costs low.

US safety standards are not all in place yet for these new products. US Customs may be allowing imports to enter the US based on safety standards for similar products, following the current requirements for imports. Some manufacturers may have obtained UL certificates on certain component parts, but not for the hoverboard as a whole. Raw materials such as the actual batteries may be knock-offs, too. You cannot trust the  well-known top brands either. The high demand is likely to cause sourcing from multiple Chinese factories with limited experience and untested component suppliers. No Chinese agency is overseeing the quality of exports from China.

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Montgomery County Fire and Rescue

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On Nov. 8, 2011, the Senate Armed Services Committee held a hearing on counterfeit parts in the defense supply chain, including electronic parts used to manufacture weapons and other defense department equipment. Investigators found that counterfeit or suspect electronic parts were installed or delivered to the military for several weapons systems, including military aircraft such as the Air Force’s C-17 and the Marine Corps’ CH-46 helicopter, as well as the Army’s Theatre High-Altitude Area Defense (THAAD) missile system. Legislation is being proposed to require defense contractors to certify all parts for authenticity.  This will place a tremendous burden on defense supply chains in terms of authentication process verification

But of course, counterfeiting is not limited to defense goods.  Any electronic gadget or equipment is likely to include some counterfeit parts, and the counterfeiters are getting better and better at it. It is so difficult to tell counterfeit from legitimate parts, that industrial buyers are often fooled.  Even the price of counterfeits may be equivalent or close to legitimate parts, thus eluding suspicion about parts origins.  This is a problem of such magnitude, that we are just beginning to unravel the stories.  Counterfeit parts may cause your iPOD to fail early or not work properly at all.  But think about the real danger in counterfeit parts in machinery, automobiles and aircraft.

The only way to control counterfeiting is to maintain control over your entire worldwide supply chain.  This means verifying and monitoring all parts suppliers, distributors, subcontractors and manufacturers.  Take nothing for granted. Know your supply chains from start to finish. Verify and monitor every step of the way.